Michael Callaham, MD

Founding Chair and Professor Emeritus of Emergency Medicine
UCSF Medical Center at Parnassus
+1 415 353-1885
UCSF School of Medicine
533 Parnassus Avenue Suite U-575
San Francisco, CA 94143-0749
 

Education:
BA: 
Cornell University
MD: UCSF
Training: University of Southern California and Highland General Hospital
Board Certification: Emergency Medicine

For the first part of my career I did various forms of clinical research including pre-hospital controlled trials on topics such as epinephrine doses and mechanical aids in CPR and ACLS. In recent years I have begun to feel that the traditional RCT approach is too narrowly focused and will never keep up, much less catch up, with the vast majority of medical problems whose treatment is not evidence based, or whose evidence is out of date. Because of my editing and publishing experience, my research interests now have turned to trying to better understand the scientific peer review publication process through research into methods of educating peer reviewers, as well as research into bias and its impact on scientific publication. I am still engaged in this area of research because no effective interventions for improving peer review have yet been identified (contrary to the beliefs of many), and the workings (and thus the remediation) of bias due to conflict of interest are unexplored terrain - at least, unexplored by physicians.  

Research and Academic Interests: 

Dr. Callaham's current research interests include education in critical appraisal, efficacy of educational programs for peer reviewers of scientific journals, demographics and motivation of ED users, and ethical standards in scientific publications.

University and National Positions:

Member, Institute of Medicine
Member, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Life Member and Fellow, American College of Emergency Physicians
Vice Chair, World Association of Medical Editors Ethics Committee
Editor-in-Chief, Annals of Emergency Medicine

Honors/Awards: 2007 elected to the Institute of Medicine

Publications: 

Promoting Global Health: The World Association of Medical Editors Position on Editors' Responsibility.

The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine

Winker MA, Ferris LE

In reply.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Does mentoring new peer reviewers improve review quality? A randomized trial.

BMC medical education

Houry D, Green S, Callaham M

Journal performance report for 2010.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department: recommendations for physician credentialing, privileging, and practice.

Annals of emergency medicine

O'Connor RE, Sama A, Burton JH, Callaham ML, House HR, Jaquis WP, Tibbles PM, Bromley M, Green SM

HIV screening in emergency departments. Editors' introduction.

Annals of emergency medicine

Moran GJ, Callaham ML

Annals of Emergency Medicine

Longitudinal trends in the performance of scientific peer reviewers

Callaham, M and McCulloch, C

Longitudinal trends in the performance of scientific peer reviewers.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham M, McCulloch C

Journal performance report for 2009.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Testing new ideas: is a picture worth a thousand words?

Annals of emergency medicine

Yealy DM, Callaham ML

Are the uninsured responsible for the increase in emergency department visits in the United States?

Annals of emergency medicine

Weber EJ, Showstack JA, Hunt KA, Colby DC, Grimes B, Bacchetti P, Callaham ML

World Association of Medical Editors: support of the Croatian Medical Journal's editorial independence.

Croatian medical journal

Callaham M, Sahne P, Winker M, Overbeke J, Habibzadeh F, Ferris L

Peer Review: Consensus and Contradiction, a Qualitative Approach

Peer Review: Consensus and Contradiction, a Qualitative Approach

Tercier, John, & Callaham, Michael L

A normative model of peer review: qualitative assessment of manuscript reviewers’ attitudes towards peer review

A normative model of peer review: qualitative assessment of manuscript reviewers’ attitudes towards peer review

Tercier, John, & Callaham, Michael L.(2007).

Characteristics of frequent users of emergency departments.

Annals of emergency medicine

Hunt KA, Weber EJ, Showstack JA, Colby DC, Callaham ML

Journal updates for 2005.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Journal policy on ethics in scientific publication.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

A prospective multicenter study of factors associated with hospital admission among adults with acute asthma.

The American journal of medicine

Weber EJ, Silverman RA, Callaham ML, Pollack CV, Woodruff PG, Clark S, Camargo CA

Suturing versus conservative management of lacerations of the hand: randomised controlled trial.

BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

Quinn J, Cummings S, Callaham M, Sellers K

International Guidelines 2000: the story and the science.

Annals of emergency medicine

Ornato JP, Callaham M

Deciphering the authorship code.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML, Waeckerle JF

Ability of laypersons to estimate short time intervals in cardiac arrest.

Annals of emergency medicine

Isaacs E, Callaham ML

Active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

The New England journal of medicine

Callaham M

Who reviews the reviewers? Feasibility of using a fictitious manuscript to evaluate peer reviewer performance.

Annals of emergency medicine

Baxt WG, Waeckerle JF, Berlin JA, Callaham ML

Effect of attendance at a training session on peer reviewer quality and performance.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML, Wears RL, Waeckerle JF

Masking author identity in peer review: what factors influence masking success? PEER Investigators.

JAMA

Cho MK, Justice AC, Winker MA, Berlin JA, Waeckerle JF, Callaham ML, Rennie D

Time to publication of studies was not affected by whether results were positive.

BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

Callaham ML, Weber E, Young G, Wears R, Barton C

Quantifying the scanty science of prehospital emergency care.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham M

Medical journals and the science of peer review: raising the standard.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML, Waeckerle JF

Evaluation of active compression-decompression CPR in victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

JAMA

Lurie KG, Shultz JJ, Callaham ML, Schwab TM, Gisch T, Rector T, Frascone RJ, Long L

Physiology of blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. A transesophageal echocardiographic study.

Circulation

Redberg RF, Tucker KJ, Cohen TJ, Dutton JP, Callaham ML, Schiller NB

Active compression-decompression resuscitation: a novel method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

American heart journal

Cohen TJ, Tucker KJ, Redberg RF, Lurie KG, Chin MC, Dutton JP, Scheinman MM, Schiller NB, Callaham ML

Effect of povidone-iodine and saline soaking on bacterial counts in acute, traumatic, contaminated wounds.

Annals of emergency medicine

Lammers RL, Fourré M, Callaham ML, Boone T

Measuring exhaled carbon dioxide in cardiac arrest.

The Western journal of medicine

Callaham M

Controversies in antibiotic choices for bite wounds.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham M

Phenytoin prophylaxis of cardiotoxicity in experimental amitriptyline poisoning.

The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

Callaham M, Schumaker H, Pentel P

Admission criteria for tricyclic antidepressant ingestion.

The Western journal of medicine

Callaham M

Dog bite wounds.

JAMA

Callaham M