Michael Callaham, MD

Biography: 

Major leadership:
Includes past President of World Association of Medical Editors
Current Editor in Chief, Annals of Emergency Medicine
Founding Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine, UCSF

For the first part of my career my research interests included various types of clinical research including pre-hospital controlled trials on topics such as epinephrine dosing and mechanical aids in CPR and ACLS. In recent years I have begun to feel that the traditional RCT approach is too narrowly focused and will never keep up, much less catch up, with the vast majority of medical problems whose treatment is not evidence based, or whose evidence is out of date.

Because of my editorial and publishing experience, as well as my experiences as an organizer of a number of International Peer Review Congresses (Jama and BMJ), my research interests now have turned to trying to better understand the scientific peer review publication process through research into methods of educating peer reviewers, as well as research into bias and its impact on scientific publication. I am still engaged in this area of research because no effective interventions for improving peer review have yet been identified (contrary to the beliefs of many), and the workings (and thus the remediation) of bias due to conflict of interest are unexplored terrain - at least, unexplored by physicians. My most current research interest focuses on the impact of disclosure of conflicts of interest.

Publications: 

In reply.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Gender Bias and Peer Review: Annals Seeks Greater Diversity.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham M

Effect of revealing authors' conflicts of interests in peer review: randomized controlled trial.

BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

John LK, Loewenstein G, Marder A, Callaham ML

Industry payments to physician journal editors.

PloS one

Wong VSS, Avalos LN, Callaham ML

In reply.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

In reply.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Does mentoring new peer reviewers improve review quality? A randomized trial.

BMC medical education

Houry D, Green S, Callaham M

Journal performance report for 2010.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department: recommendations for physician credentialing, privileging, and practice.

Annals of emergency medicine

O'Connor RE, Sama A, Burton JH, Callaham ML, House HR, Jaquis WP, Tibbles PM, Bromley M, Green SM

HIV screening in emergency departments. Editors' introduction.

Annals of emergency medicine

Moran GJ, Callaham ML

Annals of Emergency Medicine

Longitudinal trends in the performance of scientific peer reviewers

Callaham, M and McCulloch, C

Longitudinal trends in the performance of scientific peer reviewers.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham M, McCulloch C

Journal performance report for 2009.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Testing new ideas: is a picture worth a thousand words?

Annals of emergency medicine

Yealy DM, Callaham ML

Are the uninsured responsible for the increase in emergency department visits in the United States?

Annals of emergency medicine

Weber EJ, Showstack JA, Hunt KA, Colby DC, Grimes B, Bacchetti P, Callaham ML

World Association of Medical Editors: support of the Croatian Medical Journal's editorial independence.

Croatian medical journal

Callaham M, Sahne P, Winker M, Overbeke J, Habibzadeh F, Ferris L

A normative model of peer review: qualitative assessment of manuscript reviewers’ attitudes towards peer review

A normative model of peer review: qualitative assessment of manuscript reviewers’ attitudes towards peer review

Tercier, John, & Callaham, Michael L.(2007).

Peer Review: Consensus and Contradiction, a Qualitative Approach

Peer Review: Consensus and Contradiction, a Qualitative Approach

Tercier, John, & Callaham, Michael L

Characteristics of frequent users of emergency departments.

Annals of emergency medicine

Hunt KA, Weber EJ, Showstack JA, Colby DC, Callaham ML

Journal updates for 2005.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

Journal policy on ethics in scientific publication.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML

A prospective multicenter study of factors associated with hospital admission among adults with acute asthma.

The American journal of medicine

Weber EJ, Silverman RA, Callaham ML, Pollack CV, Woodruff PG, Clark S, Camargo CA

Suturing versus conservative management of lacerations of the hand: randomised controlled trial.

BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

Quinn J, Cummings S, Callaham M, Sellers K

Deciphering the authorship code.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML, Waeckerle JF

Ability of laypersons to estimate short time intervals in cardiac arrest.

Annals of emergency medicine

Isaacs E, Callaham ML

Effect of attendance at a training session on peer reviewer quality and performance.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML, Wears RL, Waeckerle JF

Who reviews the reviewers? Feasibility of using a fictitious manuscript to evaluate peer reviewer performance.

Annals of emergency medicine

Baxt WG, Waeckerle JF, Berlin JA, Callaham ML

Masking author identity in peer review: what factors influence masking success? PEER Investigators.

JAMA

Cho MK, Justice AC, Winker MA, Berlin JA, Waeckerle JF, Callaham ML, Rennie D

Time to publication of studies was not affected by whether results were positive.

BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

Callaham ML, Weber E, Young G, Wears R, Barton C

State of the Journal.

Annals of emergency medicine

Waeckerle JF, Callaham ML, Levene M

Medical journals and the science of peer review: raising the standard.

Annals of emergency medicine

Callaham ML, Waeckerle JF

Evaluation of active compression-decompression CPR in victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

JAMA

Lurie KG, Shultz JJ, Callaham ML, Schwab TM, Gisch T, Rector T, Frascone RJ, Long L